Industries and individuals alike are attempting to make shifts to cleaner sources of energy in hopes of lessening climate and ecological impacts. Many different industries are making shifts in how they operate, including transportation and technology. On top of these industries, many energy companies themselves have been attempting to make some changes. With all of these shifts towards cleaner energy, is the future going to be green?

Clean energy has several different forms that it can take. Some are more accessible and reliable than others, but all can work in tandem to create cleaner industries and companies. Energy sources such as solar power, wind power, waterpower, geothermal energy, biomasses, nuclear energy, and hydrogen power are examples of cleaner energy sources that are sustainable. These all can be used in varying degrees and ways to create cleaner energy. Solar power is use of the sun’s rays to create power and electricity. Wind power uses large turbines that are pushed by the wind to create power, and waterpower uses the currents of water to do the same thing. Geothermal energy is heat produced naturally by the Earth itself. Biomasses can be used as fuel replacements, converted into greener alternatives to gasoline, diesel, and more. Nuclear energy is already responsible for 6% of the world’s energy today, and that number could continue to grow. Hydrogen is another fuel alternative, and quite a bit of research is being done on how to advance this energy source. All of these sources are already used to varying degrees and can be expected to grow in use in the future as they are developed even further. (https://www.energy.gov/science-innovation/clean-energy).

While many companies and industries have been wanting to make the shift to clean energy, the technology industry is one that has been very significant in this shift. Titans of the technology industry have all made pledges to reduce their carbon emissions and change to cleaner sources of energy in the manufacturing of their products. As an example, Apple has made a commitment to be completely carbon neutral by 2030. “The company says the commitment means its devices will have had “zero climate impact” at point of sale. It told BBC News any company hoping to become a supplier would have to commit to ‘be 100% renewable for their Apple production’ within 10 years.” Many other companies in the technology industry have made similar pledges, such as Microsoft’s pledge to become carbon negative by 2030, and to attempt to remove the amount of carbon it has emitted by 2050, and Amazon’s hopes to go neutral by 2040. We can not be sure whether these companies will actually succeed completely in these pledges, but they have begun to make shifts that may allow them to do so. (https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-53485560?fbclid=IwAR2sDBNU87jSdG7TfkAmRxtb3KpasQ35s0v5fcObO2r4Cl2C5jQr30OGXhA).

While many companies are looking into using these cleaner energy sources in order to achieve goals, the feasibility of completing all of these goals is not completely sure. However, much research has been done around the world on what a clean future could look like, and the steps the world would need to take in order to achieve it. Johnny Wood, a writer for the World Economic Forum, discusses research done by global experts into what a clean future could look like by 2050. “It’s possible to switch to a fully sustainable global energy landscape within the next 30 years, according to research. Greater geographical connectivity of solar, wind and hydro power, can reduce energy use and cut costs.” The experts make many suggestions for countries and individuals to follow in order to help this possible future become a reality. Things such as large-scale solar power grids, shifts away from oil as an energy source, and more wind power are all examples of these suggestions and goals that the experts have set in this research. “To be sure, challenges exist, and the targets are ambitious. Still, the reports all conclude that the technology exists for the world to transition to a fully sustainable energy system by 2050, which should keep the planet below the 1.5° Paris global warming target. Mitigating the impact of climate change means fewer floods, storms, droughts and other extremes caused by warming temperatures. It could also mean less pollution. Nine out of every 10 people on the planet breathe polluted air, according to the World Health Organization, which can lead to respiratory diseases, heart conditions, strokes and other life-threatening diseases.” There are many pros and cons in considering such a large-scale shift such as the one that is discussed in the research. (https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/renewable-energy-future-carbon-emissions/)

Research shows that the world can make the changes needed to have a much cleaner future, and several companies and industries have taken that to heart. However, with the challenges and the large-scale changes and shifts that would need to be made, perhaps this is not quite as easily achievable as some make it seem. If the world continues to work towards it, it can eventually be achieved through hard work and dedication from everybody involved.

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